Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed during childhood. A person who suffers from type 1 diabetes doesn't produce insulin, or they produce too-small amounts of insulin. Insulin production is vital, as it helps the body deal with sugar and fat properly.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common kind of diabetes, impacting about 9 out of 10 people with the disease. People who have type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but the insulin doesn't function like it should.
Type 1 diabetes develops very early in life, and it is not certain why. There may be a genetic component, so people who have family members with the disease need to be aware that their risk may be higher. The cause of type 2 diabetes is not definitively known, but there are some significant risk factors attached to the disease. People who are of African American, Hispanic, Native American, or Asian descent have a higher risk of developing diabetes. People of any race who are overweight or obese have an elevated risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Older people have a higher risk level for developing type 2 diabetes, as well. Some women develop diabetes during pregnancy.
The signs of type 1 diabetes include increased frequency of urination, constant dry mouth, vision problems, and weight loss. Type 2 diabetes is different because it often has no early indicators. However, if type 2 diabetes is not diagnosed and treated it will eventually cause issues like blurry vision, slow wound healing, itchy skin in the groin area, constant dry mouth, and increased need to urinate.
Diabetes treatment is usually threefold. A healthy diet, a regular exercise plan, and medication are all typically used together. With type 1 diabetes, the medication is in the form of insulin shots while type 2 diabetes sufferers typically take oral medication. People who suffer from diabetes need to watch their blood sugar, cholesterol, and triglycerides using home testing on a regular basis.
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