Hypertension is continually high blood pressure. Hypertension is a major issue for many people, and many others are in a state of pre-hypertension. A normal range blood pressure reading is 90-120/60-80 mm/Hg. Pre-hypertension readings are in the 120-139/80-89 mm/Hg range. A patient is officially in a state of hypertension when their blood pressure regularly exceeds 140/90 mmHg.
Yes, it is possible to have high blood pressure without being in a state of hypertension. It is normal for blood pressure levels to go up and down regularly. For example, when a person drinks several coffee drinks, the blood pressure may suddenly spike to 140/90 or higher, but then settle back down into normal ranges in a few hours. Temporary spikes don't equal hypertension. Hypertension occurs when a person's blood pressure is high on a daily basis, regardless of external factors.
There are a number of risk factors that have a significant impact on the development of hypertension. Advanced age is one risk factor. While aging can't be avoided, some other major risk factors can. Sedentary lifestyle, excess weight, alcohol consumption, tobacco use, and poor eating habits can all contribute to the development of hypertension.
As soon as a patient is diagnosed with hypertension, they can start by making lifestyle changes recommended by Dr. Karns. Dietary changes can be especially important. Patients should cut down on salt, fatty foods, and processed foods. Regular exercise, even if it's something as simple as a daily walk, can help patients bring their blood pressure under control. Patients should stop smoking and should consume alcohol moderately or not at all. If necessary, Dr. Karns can prescribe blood pressure medication that can help bring the blood pressure down to normal levels.
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